Kareem M Tonbol , Ph.D.

1st Lecturer

Biography
Education
Field Of Interest
Work Experience
Publications
Research Indicators
Funds and Projects
Teaching
Courses
Others

Biography

  • Kareem serves as Assistant Professor of Maritime Meteorology & Physical Oceanography and Head of Maritime Meteorology & Hydrographic Survey Program at College of Maritime Transport & Technology (CMTT), Arab Academy for Science, Technology & Maritime Transport (AASTMT). In his role as Head of Maritime Meteorology & Hydrographic Survey Program, he is responsible for the management of the Program, including academics, operations, finance, and fund-raising. He directed & supervised more than 30 students’ graduation projects at the CMTT, the students worked 6 hours/week for 1 academic year. Kareem Established a:
    1- Physical Lab used for undergraduate students in the CMTT,
    2- Automatic Weather Observing System (AWOS) for education & research purposes in the CMTT,
    3- Hydrographic survey lab for education & research purposes in the CMTT.
    Kareem reviewed manuscripts submitted for publication to peer-reviewed scientific journals in the “Journal of Operational Oceanography”, “Journal of Ocean & Coastal Management”, “Journal of Renewable Energy and Sustainable Development” & “Journal of Shipping and Ocean Engineering”.
    Kareem is a Physical Oceanographer with extensive research experience in climate change impacts on sea level, maritime transport and environmental protection, Oceanographic data analysis and Marine meteorology. He has published 9 research articles. Kareem has taught meteorology & physical oceanography to more than 1000 graduate and undergraduate students at Alexandria University & AASTMT. Kareem directing and supervising 3 PhD dissertations.
    Kareem representing the AASTMT in the meetings of the Permanent Arab Committee on Meteorology & its Sub-committees in the League of Arab States (LAS) & in the meetings of the World Meteorology Organization (WMO).

Courses Added

Courses Added
CourseAcademic yearTerm

MT281 - Meteorology

2012 Fall View All Content
- Lectures Notes - Exams - Course Outline - Problem Sets - tutorials - Lab Material

MT482 - Offshore Vessel’s DP

2012 Fall View All Content
- Lectures Notes - Exams - Course Outline - Problem Sets - tutorials - Lab Material

Funds and Projects

  • Downscaling sea level rise in the Mediterranean Sea under different future climate change scenarios (2065-2100)
    The Mediterranean Sea is potentially one of the most vulnerable regions to the effects sea level rise (SLR) due to climate change (IPCC, 2013). More particularly, Mediterranean Sea has many low lying coasts which are exceptionally vulnerable to the impacts of a SLR of one meter (e.g Nile River Delta, Egypt Dasgupta et al. 2011). More recent simulations indicate that the coastal zone in the Nile River Delta is comparatively vulnerable to the impact of SLR (El-Raey, 2009 Shaltout et al., 2015). Though the Nile River Delta region covers around 5% of the entire territory of Egypt, the expected impacts of SLR on the coastal areas within this region should be a matter of concern for the country for a two main reasons: i) it is estimated that roughly 43% of Egypt’s population live along the coastlines of the country, mostly in the Nile River Delta between Alexandria and Port Said (Boko et al., 2007), and ii) nearly 70% percent of the economic activities in the country, including tourism, agriculture, manufacturing and service sectors take place within this region (Abu Hatab, 2016 CAPMAS, 2015).
    Global models have very low spatial resolution, which indicates that this model can describe the global process in reasonably way, but the regional process needs more attentions. Thus the Mediterranean sea level simulations, which is highly controlled by the exchange through very narrow strait (Gibraltar 13 km wide) as demonstrated by Shaltout and Omstedt (2015), are not well described in the Global models. Moreover the Global model is not valid to study the coastal areas, partly due to highly regional variation. Downscaling strategy could be reasonable to solve regional features by using statistical downscaling (Rahmstorf, 2007 Pfeffer et al., 2008) dynamical downscaling (Mariotti et al., 2015).
    Under the projections of SLR, Goffredo and Dubinsky (2014) points out that rising sea level will negatively affect many coastal areas especially low lying areas (e.g Lagoons and Deltas).
    Against this background and in recognition of the socioeconomic importance of the coastal Mediterranean coasts, it is therefore pertinent to develop in-depth understanding the future SLR uncertainty over the Mediterranean Sea (downscaled to nearly 5 km) with especial attention to Nile Delta coast (downscaled to 50 m) in order to help policymakers to improve informed decision making with regard to adaptation strategies that could mitigate these negative climatic impacts.
    Downscaling
    Funded Project - 59000 EGP
  • Threats of sea level rise and saltwater intrusion to Nile delta aquifer, consideration climatic flooding scenarios
    In the Arab region, low lying areas, such as deltaic plains, is expected to face serious problems due to climate change and sea level rise (SLR). Nile Delta is one of the major low lying vulnerable areas to climate change and (SLR). Nile Delta is subjected to increase in sea level accompanied with land subsidence, in addition to human interference such as sediment trapped by High Dam (Church et al., 2008). Recent simulations indicated that “Nile River Delta” is among the global regions that are exceptionally vulnerable to the impacts of a SLR of one meter height (Dasgupta et al. 2011). Though the Nile River Delta region covers around 5% of the entire territory of Egypt, the expected impacts of SLR on the coastal areas within this region become a matter of concern because of for two reasons: i) almost 43% of Egypt’s country population live along the coastlines of the country, mostly between Alexandria and Port Said (Boko et al., 2007), and ii) nearly 70% percent of the economic activities in the country, including agriculture, manufacturing and service sectors take place within this region (Abu Hatab, 2016 CAPMAS, 2015).
    These concerns may lead to other questions to be imposed: 1) what is the most probable SLR rate along the Nile Delta in response to the future climatic scenarios and 2) what is the impact of SLR on soil structure of Nile Delta. Accelerated SLR rate in front of Nile delta was dicussed by Alam Eldin et. al., (2009). This rise in sea level is expected to affect coastal aquifer causing a shift to the seawater interface further inland, known as saltwater intrusion. Different types of oceanic and climatic modeling (e.g. Shaltout et al., 2015) will be utilized to analyze the future SLR uncertainty. While, the impact of SLR on Nile Delta will be assessed on groundwater aquifer and soil structure by direct (physical and chemical) measurements for water and/or soil samples obtained from surface/boreholes. Also, indirect measurements, geophysical exploration techniques will be conducted at the earth's surface. Geoelectrical resistivity and shallow refraction seismic is used to delineate the groundwater aquifers and detect the shallow structural elements that affect the groundwater aquifer and testing the suitability of the recommended cisterns. According to Zohdy et. al., (1984), the electrical properties of most rocks in the upper part of the earth's crust are depending primary upon the amount of water in the rock, salinity of the water and distribution of the water in the rock. The results from indirect methods will be integrated with direct methods to estimate its relation to the prevailing hydrogeological and environmental conditions. The expected results will determine the horizontal and vertical extensions of the sea water intrusion.
    On the basis of this background and in recognition of the socioeconomic importance of the Nile Delta region, it is therefore pertinent to have a better understanding to assess the impacts of the SLR on the Nile Delta groundwater aquifers and resources in order to help policymakers to the adaptation strategies that could mitigate these impacts.
    NileFlood
    Funded Project - 100000 EGP

Work Experience

  • Assistant Professor & Head of Meteorology Program, Oct 2012 - up till now
    College of Maritime Transport & Technology, Meteorology Program
    Arab Academy for Science & Technology & Maritime Transport
    1. Management of the Program, including academics, operations, finance, and fund-raising,
    2. Teaching Meteorology & Physical Oceanography,
    3. Managing and Running Automatic Weather Observing System (AWOS),
    4. Updating and creating new traini
  • Assistant Professor, Dec 2008 - Sep 2012
    Institute of Upgrading Studies
    Arab Academy for Science & Technology & Maritime Transport
    Teaching & course coordination for Meteorology & Physical Oceanography subjects.
  • Assistant Professor, Sep 2008 - Nov 2009
    Oceanography Department
    Alexandria University - Faculty of Science
    Teaching Physical Oceanography, Dynamical Oceanography, Waves and Meteorology courses.
  • Senior Teaching Assistant, May 2004 - Aug 2008
    Oceanography Department
    Alexandria University - Faculty of Science
    Teaching Physical Oceanography, Dynamical Oceanography, Waves and Meteorology courses.
  • Teaching Assistant, Sep 1999 - May 2004
    Oceanography Department
    Alexandria University - Faculty of Science
    Teaching Physical Oceanography, Dynamical Oceanography, Waves, and Meteorology courses.
  • Teaching Assistant, Sep 1998 - Jun 1999
    Mathematics
    Alexandria University - Faculty of Education
    Teaching the practical pure mathematics

Education

  • Ph.D. in Physical Oceanography, Alexandria University - Faculty of Science, Jun 2008
  • M.Sc. in Physical Oceanography, Alexandria University - Faculty of Science, May 2004
  • Preliminary Course of M.Sc. in Physical Oceanography in Physical Oceanography, Alexandria University - Faculty of Science, Sep 2000
  • B.Sc. in Mathematics and Physical Oceanography, Alexandria University - Faculty of Science, Sep 1998

List of Publications

    • Tonbol, K.M. and Shaltout, M., "Tidal and non-tidal sea level off Port Said, Nile Delta, Egypt" , Vol. 24 (2) , 2013.
            Read Abstract Download PDF
           
    • Shaltout, M. and Tonbol, K.M., "Long Term Variation of Water Exchange Through Gibraltar Strait Based on Sea Level Observations of Ceuta and Gibraltar: Building Information for Modeling Thermohaline Structure in the Mediterranean Basin" , JKAU: Mar. Sci., Vol. 24 (2), Saudi Arabia , 2012.
            Read Abstract Download PDF
           
    • Shaltout, M. and Tonbol, K.M., "Modeling of wave propagation off Damietta - Port Said Coast, Egypt" , AIN Vol. 27, Egypt , 2011.
            Read Abstract Download PDF
           
    • Sharaf El Din, S.H., Eid, F.M., Ibrahiem, O.M., and Tonbol, K.M., "Hydrographic Variations in the deep and shallow areas of the Egyptian Mediterranean Coast" , IUGG XXIV 2007 Conference 2 – 13 July, Perugia, Italy , 2007.
            Read Abstract Download PDF
           
    • Eid, F.M., Sharaf El Din, S.H., Ibrahiem, O.M., and Tonbol, K.M. , "Circulation Patterns of South East Sector of the Mediterranean Sea" , MEDCOAST 05, Kusadasi, Turkey , 2005.
            Read Abstract Download PDF
           
    • Alam El-Din, K.A., Sharaf El-Din, S.H., and Tonbol, K.M., "Currents in front of Manzalah Lake, Egypt" , Nat. Inst. Of Oceanogr. and Fish. A.R.E., Vol. 30 , 2004.
            Read Abstract Download PDF
           

Teaching

  • Marine Meteorology, Physical Oceanography.

Fields of Interest

  • Climate Change
  • Physical Oceanography
  • Climate Change
  • Hydrographic Survey
  • Meteorology
  • Physical Oceanography
  • Data Analysis
  • Sea Level Rise
  • Climate Change
  • Ocean Waves
  • Ocean Currents & Circulation
  • Ocean Data Analysis
  • Hydrographic Survey

Research Indicators

Others

  • Reading, Listing to Music, Watching Football matches.

Address : Meteorology & Hydrographic Survey Program.
College of Maritime Transport & Technology (CMTT), Arab Academy for Science, Technology & Maritime Transport (AASTMT), Abu Qeer, P.O. Box 1029 Alexandria, Egypt.

Phone :

mobile : 00201065544817

mobile : 00201201116330

home phone : 002035436370

fax : 002035623362

office phone : 002035622366

ext : 3568

Room No: 219

Email: Send Mail

Web page : link

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