# Solid State Electronics (EC210)

University/Academy: Arab Academy for Science, Technology & Maritime TransportFaculty/Institute: College of Engineering & TechnologyProgram: B.Sc. in Electronics & Communications EngineeringForm no. (12): Course Specification1- Course DataCourse Code: EC210 Course Title: Solid State Electronics Academic Year/Level: 2nd year / 3rd semesterSpecialization: Electronics & Comm. Eng. No. of Instructional Units (hrs.) Prerequisite: Credit 3 Lecture 2 Tutorial 2 Practical 2 BA114 & BA118 Contact 6 2- Course AimUnderstanding The properties of materials at microscopic level and their application in the electrical engineering area.3- Intended Learning Outcomesa- Knowledge and Understanding B.a.1 & C.a.1 Apply basic knowledge and concepts of mathematics, sciences and engineering principles to electronic systems. - List some terminologies of solid topics and identify three of them.- Distinguish among different types of atomic crystal structure, based on calculating the number of atoms, the atomic packing factors, the density and the volume of atoms in each crystal structure. - Describe the Miller Indices of the atoms inside the crystal by drawing the direction and plane of the atom location.- Explain the different types of bonds: Metallic, Ionic, Covalent, and Vander Waals bonds based on the characteristics of each bond.B.a.2Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of basics of mathematical techniques to help model and analyze systems, and use mathematics as a tool for communicating results and concepts.C.a.3Identify science, math. & tech. base relevant to electronic and communication engineering.- Estimate the molecular binding energy and force in different bonding materials by solving different problems on the force and energy.- Estimate the dispersion relationship of a mono-atomic lattice, based on the calculation of phase and group velocities.- Show the difference between particle and wave by verifying the different parameters of each one ,such as( wave length, frequency, and momentum - Describe the quantum mechanics, by using four equations: De Broglie relationship, time independent Schrödinger equation, and Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle.- Describe the infinite potential well application based on the analysis of the wave equation in each part of the application.- Describe the tunneling phenomenon: Potential barrier, Quantum leak, based on the analysis of the wave equation in each part of the application.- Explain the band theory of solids, based on the diagram of: (energy bands, effective mass, and concept of a whole, E-K diagram).- Explain the semiconductor prosperities by listing seven parameters: carrier concentration, diffusion current, conduction currents, conductivity, resistivity, and fermi- level position in semiconductor. b- Intellectual Skills C.b.3Select and apply appropriate scientific principles, graduates must be able to based methods for analyzing general electronic engineering systems.- Detect the different types of the crystal structures by calculating the number of atoms in each cell, the number of atoms per unit volume, the atomic packing factor, and the relation between atomic radius and lattice parameter.- Demonstrate the binding energy by analyzing the molecular energy and force. - Detect the dispersion relationship in monatomic and diatomic Materials by calculating the lattice vibration parameters.- Determine the Particle and wave properties by calculating the momentum, debroglie wave length and wave energy.- Examine the quantum mechanics equations by solving the Schrödinger equation in the potential barrier and tunneling phenomenon applications.- Solve different application based on Schrödinger equation-Construct the energy levels diagram in semiconductor materials, basedon calculating the wave equation, and the probability density function of each level. - Demonstrate the principles of the semiconductor materials, definition of the Fermi-energy level and its position, the electrons and holes concentrations, the diffusion and the conduction currents equations by solving different problems in the tutorial.c- Professional and Practical Skills B.c.3Analyze experimental results and determine accuracy/validity.C.c.1Explain appropriate specifications for required devices.- Explain the solid state electronics laboratory equipments and experimental devices by measuring some parameters in the lab.- Differentiate the different types of the crystal structure by using the proto type of these crystals in the lab. - Connect the thermocouple experiment and examine the outputs through lab reports. - Design an electron spin resonance circuit experimentally and examine the outputs through lab reports. - Design the circuit of the Hall effect devices and examine the outputs through lab reports. - Calibrate the solar cells parameters, identify their characteristics and examine the outputs through lab reports. - Measure the laser light wavelength experimentally and examine the outputs through lab reports.d- General Skills C.d.4Prepare reports for the conducted experiments.- Apply the information and skills gained from this course in advanced studying of semiconductor electronic material devices by introducing seminars about semiconductors and its applications. - Build the small project, which can serve the theoretical models.4- Course Content Week No.1 General introduction for the course contents grading system.Week No.2 Atomic crystal structure, Molecules, mass density, and Atomic Packing Factor.Week No.3 Types of crystal directions and planes.Week No.4 Introduction to the different types of bonds: Metallic, Ionic, Covalent, and Van der Waals bonds.Week No.5 Miller indices: crystal directions and planes.Week No.6 The dispersion relationship of a mono-atomic lattice vibrations, phase and group velocities.Week No.7 Particles and wavesWeek No.8 . Quantum mechanics, De Broglie relationship, time independent Schrödinger equation, Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle.Week No.9 Application on Schrödinger equation (Infinite potential well: A confined electron)Week No.10 Application on Schrödinger equation (Tunneling phenomenon: Quantum leak)Week No.11 Energy Band theory of solids: (energy bands, effective mass, concept of a hole)Week No.12 (Semiconductors) Intrinsic semiconductors (Si crystal and energy band diagram, electrons and holes, conduction in semiconductors, electrons and holes concentrations)..Week No.13 Semiconductors) Extrinsic semiconductor: (n-type doping, p-type doping, compensation doping) and carriers concentrations. Fermi energy level position.Week No.14 Semiconductor conductivity and resistivity.Week No.15 Semiconductors (Diffusion and conduction current equations).5- Teaching and Learning Methods● Lectures ● Tutorials● Reports & sheets● Presentations● Projects● Discussions ● Problem Solving ● Self-Learning ● Site visits ● Experimental ● Brain storming 6-Teaching and Learning Methods for Students with Special Needs● Lectures ● Tutorials● Reports & sheets● Presentations● Projects● Discussions ● Problem Solving ● Self-Learning ● Site visits ● Experimental ● Brain storming Engineering Requirements and Design Considerations in college Buildings and its Leading Passages• The design of school parameters and pedestrian passages leading to it should be sloppy to allow for the transportation of the handicapped whether the handicapped are using wheeled chairs, crutches or prosthetic limbs.• Door arches should be wide enough to let wheel chairs pass through easily and conveniently.• Lifts should be provided for movement between floors.• Doors should be made from light weight materials to make it easy for the handicapped suffering from weakness in limb muscles or those handicapped using prosthetic limbs to deal with them with the least muscular effort.• Class floors should be made from non-slippery materials to prevent falls on the part of the handicapped.• Sudden change in the floor level should be prevented even if it is a slight change.Design Considerations of the Classes • Class boards should be placed at 60 cm high to allow wheeled chair users or those suffering from limited arm mobility use them.• Enough spaces should be left between seats and benches to prevent hindering the movement of wheeled chairs between them.• Handicapped students should sit among normal people in class to be able to interact with them. Nevertheless, in urgent cases according to the nature of the disability, the handicapped students sit in fixed suitable places whether at the front or the back of the class.• Handicapped students should sit close to the main exits of the class to be able to evacuate in case of emergencies like fires.• Academic Support:• Dr. Iman Gamal Morsi is appointed as an academic supervisor for handicapped students.• Constant follow up should be done for handicapped students after each assessment to evaluate their academic level of achievementConstruction Facility: Room number (234 A) is allocated and equipped with the essential educational tools for handicapped students.Academic Support:• Dr. Iman Gamal Morsi is appointed as an academic supervisor for handicapped students.Constant follow ups are done for handicapped students after each assessment to evaluate their academic level of achievement.7- Student Assessment a- Procedures used 1. Written Examinations2. Oral Examinations3. Practical Examinations4. Assignments5. Presentations 6. Reports7. Quizes8. Projects9. Final Examinationb- Schedule and Weighing of Assessment Assessment 1 7th Week 30%Assessment 2 12th Week 20%Assessment 3 Final Exam 40%Assessment 4 Continuous Assessments 10% Total: 100%8- List of References:a- Course Notes Notes are handed-out to the students throughout the semester.b- Required Books (Textbooks) Code* Description0-07-112237 S.O.Kasap, Principles of Electronic Materials and Devices, 2nd Edition, McGraw-HillCode* Description66-31055 C.Kittel, Introduction To Solid State Physics, John Wiley and Sons c- Recommended Books Code* Description0-07-112237 S.O.Kasap, Principles of Electronic Materials and Devices, 2nd Edition, McGraw-HillCode* Description66-31055 C.Kittel, Introduction To Solid State Physics, John Wiley and Sons d- Periodicals, Web Sites, etc. N/ACourse Coordinator Head of DepartmentName: Prof. Iman Morsi Name: Prof. Dr. Maha SharkasSignature: Signature: