The issue of educational development is of growing international interest. It has also become of increasing concern to different sectors of the society and is not only limited to the small number of specialists and professionals involved.
New ideas have recently emerged causing current educational systems to being no longer adequate to prepare the new generations for their new world. Meeting this kind of educational challenge and suggesting solutions for the present educational problems should take priority over other problems—whether economic, social or political. Hence, improving and developing educational systems should be given the full attention of the administration.
Many of the world countries have vied for educational development. For instance, the United States has launched an educational campaign entitled ''America 2000''. In order not to be a research dependent state, Japan, for the third time round in the last two decades, is further developing its educational system. South Korea has embarked on innovating and revolutionizing its educational system. It has carried out comparative educational studies and has adopted the educational innovations of other countries, such as Japan, Sweden, Britain, Spain, the United States and Israel, as a model for development.
AASTMT administration has realized the importance of educational innovation and development, since the early days of its establishment in 1972. Before the inauguration of the College of Engineering and Technology in 1991, the opportunity of engineering education was offered to students of engineering who were accepted for enrolment and registration at the Department of Trade and Commerce, College of Maritime Transport and Technology, in September 1972.
This called for the development of programs and courses in the Department of Trade and Commerce, College of Maritime Transport and Technology to catch up with counterpart British Colleges.In a further attempt to develop its educational system, AASTMT took the initiative of granting Bachelor''s degrees in Engineering to its students upon successfully taking a four-and-half-year academic program, instead of the six-year program that was originally offered in accordance with a ministerial decree 215 of 1974, after which they are granted a Certificate of Second Marine Engineer.In 1975, AASTMT adopted the Credit-Hour System. The efforts of specialized committees resulted in designing new curricula for the students who were admitted in October 1977.
The Bachelor of Science programs were soon put into effect after the implementation of the Credit Hour System. These programs were prepared in collaboration with the Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, and the members of Engineering Sector Committee, at the Supreme Council of Universities.
The Supreme Council of Universities issued two decrees (numbered 4 of 1984 and 11 of 1985) stating that the Bachelor''s degrees granted by AASTMT are equivalent to those granted by other Egyptian State Universities in similar specialties. AASTMT started granting the following Bachelor''s degrees in Engineering:
- Bachelor of Marine Engineering Technology
- Bachelor of Marine Electronic Engineering Technology
- Bachelor of Maritime Transport (Commercial)
Attempting to keep up with the accelerating pace of technological progress, AASTMT administration held a series of seminars under the title of ‘ACAD 2000’ during the period from 1986 to 1988. These seminars emphasized that AASTMT must start to seriously consider the revision of its academic goals. It also presented a number of suggested recommendations for the improvement of teaching curricula and teaching methods.
In order to meet the challenges of its growing institutional needs, AASTMT started to implement the suggested recommendations by establishing the College of Engineering and Technology in 1991, where all the different engineering programs and related preparatory interdisciplinary courses were taught, under the auspices of one institution with standardized courses and a decentralized and developed infrastructure, comprising four different departments specialized in four engineering areas:
- Marine Engineering
- Electronics and Computer Engineering
- Electrical and Control Engineering
- Basic and Applied Science
The teaching of the different engineering programs was launched to offer the following university degrees and certificates:
- Bachelor of Marine Engineering Technology
- Bachelor of Marine Machinery Technology
- Bachelor of Electronics and Computer Engineering Technology
- Bachelor of Electronic Systems Technology
- General Certificate of Radio and Communication
- Certificate of Radio Officer
- Certificate of 3rd, 2nd, and Chief Marine Engineer
Since its inauguration in 1991, AASTMT started to develop its teaching programs according to two basic principles. First, that the student body, staff members and administrators are the main driving force of the educational process and its source of creativity and innovation. Second, that the educational activities should challenge students intellectual abilities and stimulate discussion and new ideas, whether these educational activities are carried out in university lecture rooms, laboratories or workshops.
In 1991, the programs and courses in the Electronics and Computer Engineering Department were updated to meet the rapid progress in this field of engineering science. The department, therefore, started teaching curricula for three undergraduate divisions:
- The Electronics Section
- The Communications Section
- The Computer Section
In 1993, Bachelor's degrees in the following branches of Mechanical engineering were offered:
- Mechanical Engineering (Power)
- Mechanical Engineering (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning)
Similarly, the inauguration of another program of Marine Engineering necessitated the opening of a branch that offers a Bachelor's degree in Offshore Structures by the Marine Engineering Department in order to meet the growing developments in the field. It is worth noting that this new Bachelor's degree in Offshore Structures accepted students who wished to earn a Bachelor's degree in Marine Engineering. In 1994, several new departments were established to offer Bachelor's degrees in the following fields of engineering:
- Electrical and Computer Control Engineering: Electrical Power
- Electrical and Computer Control Engineering: Automatic Control
- Construction and Building Engineering
- Industrial and Management Engineering
In October 1997, the Architectural Engineering and Environmental Design program was initiated followed by the Computer Science program in October 1999.
Engineering education is a major driving force that affects the progress of humanity at large. It does not only influence academic and technological progress, but also the economic and social development of any given country. Hence, AASTMT has found it essential, as one of its first priorities, to standardize the teaching programs and courses it offers to the different sectors of its student body. This is meticulously carried out following a framework in accordance with international criteria recognized by the American Accreditation Board for Engineering Technology (ABET) and the Committee of the Engineering Sector at the Supreme Council of Universities (SCU), which issued the decree No. 135 of 1996 stating that AASTMT Bachelor's degrees in the different branches of Engineering are equivalent to those offered by the State Egyptian universities in the same specialties.
In April 1997, the College acquired accreditation from the International Institute of Marine Engineering in London, stating that its Bachelor's degrees in the following areas meet the European standards as recognized by the British Engineering Council:
- Marine Engineering <\li>
- Electronics and Communications<\li>
- Mechanical Engineering<\li>
- Electrical Engineering<\li>
- Power Control<\li>
This gave AASTMT graduates opportunities to work and study in the countries of the European Union without having to go through any further examinations or accreditations. On January 1, 2001, the Bachelor's Degree in Mechanical Engineering has similarly been accredited by the British Engineering Authority and the Institute of British Engineers in London.
In September 1999, the College of Engineering obtained the ISO-9000 certification in education attesting the high quality control of its teaching programs, courses, academic staff, administration and educational resources, which were all up to internationally set criteria.
On 4 April 2001, the Supreme Council of Universities issued the decree No. 26 of 2001 stating that AASTMT Bachelor's Degree in Architecture Engineering and Environmental Design is equivalent to that offered by the State Egyptian universities.
The Committee of Computer and Information Sector, at the Supreme Council of Universities, paid the College a preliminary visit on 25 February 2001, in order to prepare for the Bachelor's Degree in Computer Science equivalence process with that of the counterpart degrees offered by State Egyptian Universities.
In August 2001, the Committee of the Engineering Sector at the Supreme Council of Universities paid AASTMT another visit to accredit its Bachelor's degrees and to support the decision taken by the Computer and Information Committee. The Engineering Committee also stated that all AASTMT Bachelor's degrees are equivalent to those offered by State Egyptian Universities.
Undergraduate Programs offered by the College of Engineering and Technology were then renewed according to the decrees number 3 dated on February 5, 2002, number 118 dated on July 10, 2007, number 36 dated February 24, 2011, and number 284 dated on December 10, 2012. Renewal of the B.Sc. in Architectural Engineering and Environmental Design was according to the decree number 123 dated May 8, 2013.
Graduate studies leading to Master's degrees in different engineering disciplines started in September 1994. On 9 November 2000, the Committee of the Engineering Sector at the Supreme Council of Universities paid the College a visit to evaluate the graduate programs, and collected data on laboratories, libraries and other College facilities. It also asked for data describing the performance of staff members and researchers on overseas scholarships.
On 28 April 2001, the Supreme Council of Universities issued the decree No. 30 of 2001 stating that the Master''s degrees offered by AASTMT in (1) Electronics and Communications Engineering, (2) Computer Engineering, (3) Electrical Engineering and Control, (4) Mechanical Engineering, (5) Marine Engineering, (6) Engineering Management, and (7) Construction and Building Engineering are all equivalent for 5 years to those offered by State Egyptian Universities.
In February 2005, the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) at the UK validated the program of B.Sc. in Architectural Engineering and Environmental Design. In June 2005, the Degree Accreditation Board for Chartered Engineers (DABCE) at the UK accredited all the other engineering programs.On 19 June 2006, the Supreme Council of Universities (SCU) issued the decree No. 70 of 2006 stating that the Master''s degree offered by AASTMT in Architectural Engineering and Environmental Design is equivalent for 3 years to that offered by the state Egyptian universities.
On 19 June 2006, SCU issued the decree No. 79 of 2006 to pursue the decree No. 30 of 2001 and to renew for 3 years the equivalence of the Master''s degrees offered by AASTMT at Alexandria in (1) Electronics and Communications Engineering, (2) Computer Engineering, (3) Electrical Engineering and Control, (4) Mechanical Engineering, (5) Marine Engineering, and (6) Construction and Building Engineering to those offered by the State Egyptian Universities.
On 24 July 2006, SCU issued the decree No. 97 of 2006 to pursue the decree No. 30 of 2001 and to renew for 3 years the equivalence of the Master''s degree in Industrial and Management Engineering offered by AASTMT at Alexandria in the divisions of (1) Industrial Engineering, and (2) Engineering Management to those offered by the State Egyptian Universities.
On 22 April 2014, SCU issued the decree No. 105 to renew the equivalence of the Master''s degree in Industrial and Management Engineering offered by AASTMT at Alexandria in the divisions of (1) Industrial Engineering, and (2) Engineering Management to those offered by the State Egyptian Universities. Also, decree No. 106 to renew the equivalence of the Master''s degree in Architectural Engineering and Environmental Design and decree No. 107 to renew the equivalence of the Master''s degree in (1) Electronics and Communications Engineering, (2) Computer Engineering, (3) Electrical Engineering and Control, (4) Mechanical Engineering, (5) Marine Engineering, and (6) Construction and Building Engineering.
Recently, through its current eight departments, the College of Engineering and Technology offers Bachelor''s degrees that take a minimum of 10 semesters (5 academic years) to complete. Also, through the graduate studies department, the College offers Master''s degrees that take a minimum of 4 semesters (2 academic years) to complete. The degrees offered are in the areas of:
- Marine Engineering.
- Mechanical Engineering.
- Electronics and Communications Engineering.
- Computer Engineering.
- Electrical and Control Engineering.
- Construction and Buildings Engineering.
- Industrial and Management Engineering.
- Architectural Engineering and Environmental Design.
The College maintains sound relationships with a number of universities in USA, UK, Canada, Malaysia, Turkey, Germany, Spain, France, Ireland and Egypt for joint supervision of undergraduate and postgraduate studies and research work. Agreements are based on major activities such as: the twinning of programs of study, and jointly taught Master’s Program, programs of research leading to PhD degree and regular visits by academic staff.
The College of Engineering and Technology maintains an array of laboratories, workshops and computing facilities to secure the practical aspects and hands-on experience of the technology education in many areas. These areas include diesel and steam power plants, automation, measurements, heat transfer, hydraulics, electric machines, electric marine installation auxiliaries, radar, electronics, telecommunications, microprocessors, microcomputers, computer applications, marine pollution, surveying, construction materials, metrology, computer integrated manufacturing, electronic design automation, antennas and microwaves, work analysis, internal combustion engines, and refrigeration and air conditioning.
The engineering curriculum is thus served by well-equipped labs for the various engineering disciplines in addition to general purpose and specialized up to date computer laboratories. The AASTMT library collection fully supports the engineering program and ranges from recently published text books, references and current issues of relevant journals as well as an enormous electronic collection on campus.