Dr. Iman Ismail Nassef
An investigation into the improvement of university education reform in Egypt
Earlier this century, the Egyptian government set up a number of projects through a Higher Education Reform Strategy to reform its university sector in order to improve graduates’ readiness for the labour market and hence reduce the skills gap. Yet, with all the initiatives implemented, and for a number of reasons, the outcomes of the quality assurance projects were of limited success. This research has sought to study these reasons in depth but within the scope of engineering undergraduate studies. It aims to understand the contextual factors affecting the effective implementation of quality assurance reform projects especially in the area of graduate attributes. To do this, a number of questions were posed, using semi-structured interviews, to a purposive sample of academics belonging to ten different engineering undergraduate programmes five private and the other public. To ensure the validity of the data, more information was collected from the documents that represent the different educational policies and practices implemented in both private and public programmes of study. Through thematic data analysis and by applying complexity theory as a conceptual framework, the study identified the different contextual factors that affected the implementation of quality assurance projects in Egypt.