Mohamed H Nassar
The boarders of the coastal state in accordance with the international legislations
The abstract: states have always had access to seas and the governments of these states always had important interests, that grew through out history, to be achieved in the coastal areas close to these states, such as the growth of the world trade, and the need to guard these waters against smuggling that deprives the states from revenues, and also to control and implement regulations on health, migration, exclusive rights of fishing, mining and natural resources, using touristic sights, and organizing the fleets defending the state. and it’s one of the most critical factors affecting the use of the commercial, as well as military and technological power of the state. The research problem is the competition for the control over coastal seas, and allegations of marine areas and international waters. Taking into consideration recent international changes and amendments of the international rules and especially the study of coastal state authorities, as well as maritime law and the authorities given to the state in accordance with the international rules and regulations to recognize its own sovereignty over coastal waters, in addition to the sovereign rights and duties along the coast line on innocent passage. The aim of this research is to review the concept of sea expansion and measure all maritime areas which allow a coastal state to extend its mandate, and utilizing it efficiently economically and strategically in accordance with international the maritime law and its provisions. This research adopts the analytical approach in general, and the historical and realistic narrative approach in brief by explaining and analysing all the international conventions and treaties, laws, rules, as well as comparisons resulting from experience and recent studies in that content.