Prof.Dr.Ghada E Kot
Human Resource Management Practices in Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Egypt
Small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are significant
contributors to economic performance inevery county. Ironically, relatively
little research has been undertaken in SMEs compared to large
organizations. We know significantlymore about factors contributing
to the success of large organizations, particularly the role of employees
and human resource management practices (HRM) than factors
accounting for success of SMEs. This investigation addresses this gap.
The present study examines the relationship of use of
professional HRM practices and small- and medium-sized business
performance in Egypt. Relatively little HRM research has been
carried out in Egypt. One objective of this study is to begin to
address this gap in understanding of factors contributing to organizational
effectiveness in this country. It replicates an earlier
study carried out in Turkey using the same measures.
Data were collected from a single manager=professional respondent
representative from 88 different SMEs in Alexandria and Cairo, Egypt,
who completed a questionnaire that contained both open-ended and
structured questions. Respondents indicated fairly widespread use of
theHRMpractices and rated their effectiveness generally highly as well.
Respondents indicating both greater use of these HRM practices, and
greater perceived effectiveness of their use, rated the effectiveness of
their SME generally higher this year than last year. Personal
demographic characteristics of the respondent, and characteristics of
the SME, were relatively independent of the HRM practices, however.
Implications for managerial practice and future research are offered.|