Ahmed D Khalifa Ahmed
During the last decade, all those who are interesting in the shipping industry have become aware of the problem. Many of those parties have declared that the reasons of this problem are the changes affected the market mechanisms, and the fleets alliances. How ever, there were many other factors that strongly contribute on the world fleet declination, generally the limitation of those developing countries to implement and comply with the recent and most frequent technical amendments to IMO instruments, the use of tacit acceptance techniques to put the technical amendments into force, and the broad application of Port State Control all over the world. This paper highlights the Background of ISO, Types of ISO, Advantage and disadvantage, how to get ISO certificate and Relationship between ISO & The mandatory ISM Code, to ensure that shipboard risks are managed effectively and performance is improved. Its requirements include measures to establish safety procedures and prevent pollution.