Sherine Shafik Aly
CRIME PREVENTION IN RESIDENTIAL AREAS THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN. CASE STUDY: MOSTAPHA KAMEL HIGH- RISE BUILDINGS, ALEXANDRIA, EGYPT
Safety is a mandatory need in Maslow's hierarchy of human needs, the built environment has a major impact on reinforcing the feeling of security and reducing the fear of crime in residential areas. Safety and security are essential to improve the quality of life and build sustainable communities free of crime. This paper is an attempt to apply the principles of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design CPTED theory's principles (i.e., activity support, maintenance, access control, territorial reinforcement, natural surveillance, and target hardening) in conjunction with SARA process (Scanning, Analysis, Response, and Assessment) framework on a case study in Moustafa Kamel high-rise residential area in Alexandria, Egypt to identify crime related problems in this area. Finally, this paper stressed on the importance of applying CPTED principles, especially, maintenance, access control, and natural surveillance to eliminate crime related problems in Moustafa Kamel area, thus, improve the quality of the residential area to become safer, more livable, and sustainable urban community.
Key words: CPTED, Criminal Behaviors, SARA Process, High-rise residential area, Environmental Design.