Ossama F Ahmed El Bayoumy
Appling the ISM Code to Enhance Maritime Safety
Maritime Safety Committee of the IMO at its 84th session in May 2008 adopted a new code ‎of international standards and Recommended Practices for a safety Investigation into a ‎Marine Casualty Marine Incident (the casualty Investigation code). The Relevant ‎amendments to SOLAS chapter XI-1 were adopted to give the code a mandatory status. The ‎code requires that safety investigation should be conducted into each very serious marine ‎casualty, which is defined as a casualty involving a total loss of ship a death severe ‎damage to the environment (IMO, 2008). Main purpose of the new cod is for the ‎administrators to obtain and disseminate information that could be used to prevent future ‎accidents. The new regulations expand on SOLAS regulations I/21, requiring each ‎administration to investigate any casualty occurring to any of its ship ‘’when it judges that ‎such an investigation may assist in determining what changes in the presents regulations ‎might be desirable” (SOLAS, 2004).‎ Safety measures based on the outcomes of the investigations of accidents and the lessons ‎learnt from them has been the cornerstone of IMO’s rule making process. International safety ‎conventions under aegis of the IMO and those prior to its establishment were mainly ‎developed and adopted in response to accidents and disasters of high consequential loss of ‎life, property damage to the marine environment, with an objective of implementing design ‎and operation standards for preventing reoccurrence of similar diastases. It is a common ‎saying in the maritime sectors that:‎ Titanic created the SOLAS:‎ Torrey Canyon created the MARPOL:‎ Amoco Cadiz created the MARPOL amendments and STCW:‎ Exxon Valdez gave us the OPA 90 (USA)‎ Herald of Free Enterprise created the ISM Code. (Sagen, 1999)‎