Before Coming to Egypt.Egypt The Arab Republic of Egypt is in north-eastern Africa with its capital located in its largest city, Cairo. Egypt also extends into Asia by virtue of holding the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt is bordered by Israel and the Gaza Strip to the north-east, by Sudan to the south and by Libya to the west. The country is bounded by the Mediterranean and Red Sea (to the north and east respectively) and geographically dominated both by the Nile River and its fertile well-watered valley, and by the Eastern and Western deserts. Egypt is perhaps best known as the home of the ancient Egyptian civilization, with its temples, hieroglyphs, mummies, and - visible above all - its pyramids. Egypt stimulates the imagination of western tourists like few other countries and is probably one of the most popular tourist destinations world-wide. ClimateEgypt is largely a desert, an extension of the great Sahara that bands North Africa. Save for the thin strip of watered land along the Nile River. Generally, the summer are hot and dry and the winter, moderate. November through March is definitely the most comfortable months in Egypt. There is almost no rain in the Nile valley, so you won’t need wet weather gear.The climate, however, does vary a little bit depending on where you are in the country. On the north coast along the Mediterranean Sea, a thin strip of land stretching from the sea to 50 km southwards receives some of the heaviest rain in the country during winter months. Thunderstorms along with heavy rain showers that often last several hours are not uncommon here such as in Alexandria, Maras Matron and all other coastal areas and even the Delta.the Sinai Mountains and also the Red Sea mountains, which stretch along the east side of the country along the shore of the Red Sea, there is generally more rain as rain clouds tend to develop when warm air evaporates and rises as it moves across higher terrain. Floods in these areas are a common weather phenomenon as so much rain can fall in a very short amount of time (often a day or two), with thunder and lightning as well.The International Office regularly updates these pages to ensure they are up to date with any changes in immigration policy. The Egyptian Government however, frequently changes the immigration rules for entry into Egypt, so it is a good idea to check the latest rules on the following:-• Visas and Immigration.• Medical Requirements.• Updating Contact Details.• Pre-Departure Briefings. • Money and Finances. • Accommodation. • What to bring. • Travelling to the UK. • Shipping Baggage. • Police Registration.• Bringing Your Family.• Student’s Union events.• Late Arrivals InformationPoliticsEgypt is a Republic, the political system of which is democratic based on citizenship and relying on each of the legislative, executive and judicial branches, additionally to the press, political parties, local administrations and civil society institutions.ReligionIslam is the official religion of the Arab Republic of Egypt. Most non-Muslims in Egypt are Christians, the majority of whom belong to the Coptic Orthodox Church. Administrative Division Egypt is divided into 28 independent administrative units (governorates) enjoying juridical personality each consisting of a number of towns, cities and villages, additionally to the city of Luxor that holds a distinct character. Main Airports, Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, Hurghada, and Sharm El- Sheikh. Egyptian Airport and Port Authority customs to avoid problems when entering or leaving the Egyptian territory, you should be aware of the rules regulating the country’s customs authority. According to the Egyptian law, you are not allowed to import more than 200 cigarettes (or 25 cigars, or 200g of tobacco) and 2 liters of alcohol. It is also illegal to bring in drugs, firearms, and cotton. On the other hand, it is considered illegal to export narcotics (drugs), firearms and cotton. Locally purchased gold and silver can be exported if for personal use or in small quantities. Egypt’s strict laws control the import and export of antiquities and artifacts that are more than 100 years old. You will thus need to apply for a license to export any item of the sort. There is no limit to the amount of currency you can bring in or out of Egypt. However, the traveler is requested to declare amounts of 500 Egyptian Pounds or foreign equivalent. Population The estimated total population of Egypt is about 79 million, according to the 2007 population census. Most of the Egyptian population is concentrated near the River Nile, in cities and towns such as Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, Port Said. Smaller settlements include the Western Desert oases, and main destinations of the Sinai Peninsula. Language Egypt’s official language is Arabic, but foreign languages, such as English, French, German, Italian, and Spanish are also widely spoken, especially in educated circles. Money & Currencies the Egyptian Pound (EGP) is the national currency in Egypt. The pound (or “Geneeh” in Arabic) is divided into 100 “piaster” (or “Ersh”). Egyptian banknotes come in denominations of 200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5 and 1 pound, and 25 and 50 “piaster.”Branches of major banks are available in abundance in all the major cities. Banks typically operate from 8.30 a.m. to 2.00 p.m. Sunday to Thursday, with some branches extending their opening hours till 5.00 p.m. Hotel branches in some of the cities operate throughout the 24 hours. ATMs are also widespread throughout the branches and in other locations such as supermarkets, petrol stations and shopping malls.